Sunday, January 1, 2012

Our Surname

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The Origin of the Bartlett Surname
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It has been said that if you can trace your lineage back to the houses of Europe you have traced it back to Adam & Eve.. For what it is worth, it has been established, however weakly documented, that a line that uses the Bible will reach back to Adam. The Bartlett family owes it's beginning to King Pepin and Queen Bertha of France. The parents of King Charles I (aka Charlemagne) and his sister Bertha. Now Bertha married Milo, Duke of Aigiant and they are the parents of the Bartlett line. Their son, christened by the name of Berthaelot, a diminutive of Bertha became the favorite of his uncle (Charlemagne) who watched over him. On one occasion, during the Festivale of Pentecost, at the Great Court and Tournament, an important event relating to the Bartlett Coat-of-Arms occured. It seems that a son of the Duke of Aymon, named Raynard, ventured into the chambers of the King demanding a payment in gold for the death of his uncle Bevis. Charlemagne, enraged by the insolence, removed the glove from his left hand and threw it into Raynards face, thus creating a challenge to which Raynard chose to withdraw. Berthelot retrieved the glove from the floor returning it to Charlemagne. Among other things, Berthelot was a master of chess. History says that, Sir Gordon, known as the mischief-maker, coursed Barthelot to challenge Raynard in a game of chess. After playing six games, tempers rose and the meet erupted with words and blows upon which Raynard picked up the heavy gold chess board and brought it down on the head of Berthelot sending him to the floor. Where upon Raynard drew his sword and brought it down splitting Berthelot's head leaving him dead on the ground. Charlemagne hearing of the death of his nephew decreed that the Berthelot family would be recognized by three left-handed gloves with gold tassels to be emblazoned upon it's Coat-of-Arms.

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The Murder of Berthelot by Raynard
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Our story continues many years later in the country around Liseux along the River Tougues in Normany. It is the year 1066 and we find one Adam de Berthelot living there as a minor nobleman. He is the personal esquire of Guido de Brionne, a Norman Knight. Guillaume, Duke of Normany, has decided to carry out an invasion of England. All those owing him their allegiance and others wishing to attend were called to serve. Guido de Brionne was one commanded to assemble with his men and materials. This included Adam de Berthelot. When the Normans landed on the beaches of Pevensey near Hastings in Sussex on September 19, 1066 Adam de Berthelot and Guido de Brionne were among them. About this time we find that Guillaume is changed to William and Guido de Brionne has become de Bryan or Brian. The name Berthelot is being spelled variously as Barttlelot, Bartelot, Barthelot and Bartlett. Thus we now have a brief account of the family prior to arriving in England and how they got there. In Stopham, Sussex, resided an ancient Saxon family by the name of Ford, existing long before the Conquest. As the principle of "To the victors go the spoils," land wrested from Anglo-Saxon owners was granted to officers of the conqueror. Thus a part of the Ford estate was given to Brian, who became Brian de Stopham, and a part to Adam Berthelot. By the four- teenth century the Stopham family was reduced to a daughter who married John Bartlott who then became owner of the whole of the Ford estate.

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The Bartlett line went from Adam de Berthelot who was buried in Stopham Church to his son William then to William's son John Esq., to John's son Richard and to Richard's son Thomas. All of whom are buried in Stopham Church. Thomas Esq. married Assoline de Stopham, the daughter of John de Stopham and their son John, married Joan de Stopham, heir and daughter of John de Stopham. Their son John who died in 1453, married Joan de Lewknor, daughter of John de Lewknor. It was their son, Richard, who died in 1482, married to Petronilla~ heir general to Walton. From there we come to their son, John~ who died in 1493, married to Olive Arthur, daughter of John Arthur of London and heiress of Syheston. Their sons: Richard of Stopham died at Tourney, France in 1514, married to Elizabeth Gates, the daughter of John Gates. And , William, born ca. 1469 and died in 1530.

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History of the Bartlett Coat-of-Arms

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The Barttelots of Stopham fought in many wars for the Crown. The battle of Crecey in 1348, Poictiers in 1356 and Agincourt in 1415 to name a few. After the last mentioned battle, John Barttelot, commander of the Sussex Troops, took the Castle of Fontenoy in France for which Edward, the Black Prince, granted the Castle as a crest of the Barttelot Coat-of-Arms. In the 16th century the Swan Crest was added to commemorate the right to keep Swans upon the River Arun. a right started by William the Conqueror and granted to very few others.

There have been eight families combined thru the years The families make up eight quarterings and were granted by William Segar. Garter King of Arms on Oct. 27. 1616 in the 14th year of King James. These quart- terings being for Barttelot, Stopham, Lewknor, Dovely. Tregor, Cayrnoys, Walton and Syheston. Three more quarterings were added in 1876 for Smith, Musgrave and Boldero. To complete the picture, the family motto being "Mature" meaning "In good time ."

The common livery of the family is Dark blue coat with black and yellow striped waistcoat, black trousers and brass buttons. Dress Livery: Blue coat, pale yellow cashmere waistcoat, black plush breeches, gold garters and black silk stockings. Now all along you probably thought you had the proper items in your wardrobe. I don't think there will be a run on cashmere waistcoats or plush breeches in near future however.

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Bartlett Coat-of-Arms Variations

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The quartering of the arms are described as:1. Sable. three sinister gloves pendent argent, tasseled or (Barttelot); 2. quarterly per fesse indented argent and gules, four crescents counter- changed (Stopham); 3. azure, three chevronels argent, in the sinister chief a martlet for difference (Lewknor); 4. gules, three bucks heads caboshed argent (Doyley); 5. azure, two bars gemel, in chief a lion passant guardant or (Tregoz); 6. or, on a chief gules, three bezants (Camoys); 7. argent, three hawks heads erased sable (Walton); 8. argent an eagle with two heads displayed sable (Sykeston). Colors are: Sable = black; argent = silver; or = gold; gules = red; azure = blue.


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The above information was obtained from Aylesworth.net using the Caleb Sheldon Aylesworth and His Descendants information located under Related Family Addendums. All credit for this information goes to their fine website.


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This section is included merely to tell a story of the suggested origin of our surname. A pedigree for our particular branch of the family linking us directly to these origins (or any other) has yet to be established and likely never will.


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